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list of uss houston pows

Constantly dogged by Japanese reconnaissance aircraft, the ABDA force was repeatedly outmaneuvered by the Japanese. Despite being low on ammunition and damaged from previous battles, both ships turned to attack the Japanese invasion force. USS Houston, a Northampton-class light cruiser, was commissioned in June 1930. February 28 – March 1, 1942 Battle of Sunda Strait. Painting by Joe T. Fleischman, 1950. Originally designated (CL-30), she was reclassified as (CA-30) the following year. As many as 90 Japanese torpedoes were launched at Houston and Perth, some of which struck at least four Japanese transports , including the one with the commander of the Japanese invasion force, Lieutenant General Imamura, embarked, which sank or had to be beached. The POW/MIA names listed here are U.S. military servicemembers who were once missing and are now accounted-for. On Feb. 4, 1942, Houston was in the Flores Sea south of Makassar Strait as part of an ABDA force searching for an anticipated Japanese invasion force when she came under intense aerial bomb attack. OVS POWs, USS Houston (CA-30), compiled by John C. Reas, [ca. The next day, the USS Houston was ordered to proceed directly to Sourabaya, Java, to prepare for convoy escort duty between the Netherlands East Indies and Australia. Perth and Houston entered the Sunda Strait under cover of darkness with HMAS Perth, under the command of Captain Hec Waller, in the lead as Waller was senior to Rooks. USS Houston- CA-30 Two pictures of USS Houston survivors upon repatriation. A missed opportunity, to be sure. UPDATE: You can see for yourself what a "grand day" the unveiling of the USS Houston CA-30 was if you visit the Navy Historical Foundation's website. Operations, Platforms, By Sam Cox (Rear Adm. USN, Ret. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph. The USS Houston (CA-30), a heavy cruiser, was sunk by the Japanese on March 1, 1942. The after turret was so badly damaged that it was useless for the remainder of the campaign. The ship had become part of an allied fleet operating out of Java. The photo was takten from the Australian Grimsby-class corvette … USS Houston Enemy Action Abrahamson Chester E. RM1C USN 3/1/42 USS Houston Enemy Action Abrams Russell E. Y3C USN 11/9/43 POW-100 Kilo Camp, Burma Beriberi Adams Charles B. … Please be USS Houston was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation. The heavy cruiser USS Houston (CA-30) was named for the city and port of Houston. U.S. As Houston went down, survivors recounted that her battle flag was still flying high, and a lone Marine up in the mast fired his .50 cal until the very end. As many as 150 are known to have made it into the water alive, only to perish from wounds, drowning, exposure, washed by the current into the vast Indian Ocean, and some were machine-gunned by the Japanese in the water,” said Naval History and Heritage Command Director Sam Cox at a March 5, 2016, Memorial Service for USS Houston (CA-30). USS Houston (CA 30) starboard 5/25 guns in action, during anti-aircraft battle practice off Chefoo, China, 1932-33. While navigating the Sunda Strait, the USS Houston and HMAS Perth interrupted a large-scale The ship was part of the U.S. Asiatic Fleet in 1942, when the Allies were organizing into a joint fighting force of American, Australian, British, and Dutch. Struck by several torpedoes, Perth fought valiantly to the end, but went down first, with Captain Waller killed on the bridge after giving the abandon ship order. Returning to the Asiatic Fleet in November 1940, she was ordered to Australian and Netherlands East Indies waters following the United States’ entry into war in December 1941. American POWs of Japan is a research project of Asia Policy Point, a Washington, DC-based nonprofit that studies the US policy relationship with Japan and Northeast Asia. The record for each prisoner provides serial number, personal name, branch of service or civilian status, grade, date reported, race, state of residence, type of organization, parent unit number and type, place of capture (theater of war), source of report, status, detaining power… By sheer fluke, the bomb exploded on the main deck near the after turret. List of Survivors and Casualties of the USS Houston From the Series: This series contains folders related to the USS Houston. Commissioned at the beginning of the Great Depression, Houston was a design compromise due to treaty limitations. Though it’s been 75 years since the loss of USS Houston, The U.S. Navy remembers the more than 600 Sailors and Marines who died that night and the many more who would die from torture, neglect, disease and hunger after they were taken captive. Catalog # 53582, Sinking of USS Houston (CA-30) in the battle of Sunda Strait, March 1, 1942. The skipper of the USS Houston, Captain Albert Rooks, USN displayed extraordinary shiphandling skill in radical maneuvering to avoid bombs from as many as 37 Japanese bombers. This list has over 1000 names. Captain Rooks was given the option to withdraw his ship from Dutch East Indies for repairs, but knowing this would have seriously weakened the ABDA force even further; he declined to do so. However her captain and crew never compromised their sense of duty. USS Houston: The Galloping Ghost of the Java Coast The following video chronicles the history of USS Houston (CA-30) from commissioning in 1930 to shipwreck discovery in 2014, told through on-camera interviews with Houston Survivor Howard Brooks, Naval History and Heritage Command Historian Robert Cressman and Underwater Archaeologist Alexis Catsambis, Ph.D. Share … February 4, 1942 The Battle of Flores Sea. 482 POWs (398 British, 76 Dutch, 7 American and 1 Australian) were imprisoned at the end of the war. USS Houston fought on for almost another hour, surrounded on all sides by numerous Japanese ships, often within .50 cal machine gun range, until she was out of major caliber ammunition, even firing flares at the Japanese. U.S. With the force commander killed, the USS Houston and HMAS Perth commenced executing RADM Doorman’s standing orders to withdraw from the Java Sea to regroup with other scattered survivors of the battle south of Java. Of the Houston’s 1,050 crewmen, only 368 survived the battle, all of whom became prisoners of war, including, 2nd Class seaman Myron James ‘Mike’ Callahan, my late Grandfather, to … The National Archives has an online searchable database. 14 POWs died while imprisonment. Naval Academy, The Sullivan Brothers and the Assignment of Family Members, The African American Experience in the U.S. Navy, Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders in the U.S. Navy, Contributions of American Indians to the U.S. Navy, Naval Service of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Personnel, The World Cruise of the Great White Fleet, Navy Underwater Archaeology Return Program, Annual Navy History and Heritage Awards - Main, Research Permits for Sunken & Terrestrial Military Craft, Scanning, Copyright & Citation Information, Obtain Duplications of Records and Photos, USS Cole Navy and Marine Corps Commendation Medal, USS Cole Navy and Marine Corps Achievement Medal, The Catastrophic Fire On Board USS Forrestal, University of Houston Libraries Collection, 80-G-490451: Commander Arthur L. Maher, senior survivor of USS, 80-G-701008: Sixteen Liberated POWs arrive in Washington, U.S. Navy Completes Review of Initial Survey Data from World War II Cruiser Wrecksite, Lest We Forget: The night of Feb. 28, 1942, USS. FFG 46. 1942-1945], with photograph of John C. Reas, 1940 (printed digital copies, matted). By the time the action was over, the Dutch flagship, the light cruiser HMNLS De Ruyter, was sunk and RADM Doorman killed, as was the Dutch light cruiser Java, and the Dutch destroyer Kortenear, and the British destroyers HMS Electra and HMS Jupiter, the latter after striking a recently laid Allied mine. USS Houston (CL-81), a Cleveland-class light cruiser, was the third vessel in the United States Navy named after the city of Houston, Texas.She was active in the Pacific War for several months, and survived two separate aerial torpedo hits in October 1944. During the Japanese invasion of the Dutch East Indies, which began in January 1942, outnumbered Allied naval forces engaged the enemy in a series of naval battles which harassed and delayed the Japanese conquest of the East Indies and helped thwart the invasion of Australia, although the British bastion of Singapore fell. She was present at the opening of the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, California in 1937. 1st ship I served in was named for one of HOUSTON’S Chaplains, George Snavely Rentz. One of the most valiant ships in over 240 years of naval history, USS Houston was lost in a battle against overwhelming odds 75 years ago. Without any air cover, hampered by communications and language difficulties, and unwitting of the range and capability of Japanese torpedoes, the ABDA force was doomed. THAI-BURMA RAILWAY - Assorted maps of the TBR (poor image quality) Asst. Houston History (36) Latino Culture (8) Military History (10) Social Life and Leisure (19) Texas History (19) Travel History (7) U.S. History (15) University of Houston (13) … Catalog # 93153, Colloquium on Contemporary History 1989-1998, DANFS - Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, Needs and Opportunities in the Modern History of the U.S. Navy, Permitting Policy and Resource Management, "Ex Scientia Tridens": The U.S. Had become part of an Allied Fleet operating out of Java gunners brought down several aircraft battles. Northampton-Class light cruiser, was sunk by the Japanese the following year enemy both... Operations, Platforms, by Sam Cox ( Rear Adm. USN,.. Of which were duds, USS Houston, they were forced to build the Burma-Thai Railway ( Death Railway.... Trapped in the Battle of Sunda Strait february 26-27, 1942 in the the Houston. The bomb exploded on the main deck near the after turret Great Depression, Houston had the of... 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