It’s the water, has always been the water and will always be the water. These habitats could play an important role in the terraforming of Venus as well, acting as scientific research stations that could either fire off the excess atmosphere off into space, or introduce bacteria or chemicals that could convert all the CO2 and SO2 into a hospitable, breathable atmosphere. Extreme environments due to mission operations are also a consideration, for example aeroshell thermal heating during planetary entry. 1.17 inch: 1.92 inch: Total snowfall Total snowfall : 0.00 inch: 0 inch: Highest max temperature Highest max temp. Venus' atmosphere consists mainly of carbon dioxide, with clouds of sulfuric acid droplets. Venus's atmosphere has 93 times Earth's pressure at the planet's surface, and that high pressure affects the temperature, a lot. NASA’s Solar System Exploration Guide on Venus, https://www.amazon.com/Universe-Today-Ultimate-Viewing-Cosmos/dp/1624145442/, https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/universe-today-guide-to-space-audio/id794058155?mt=2, https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLbJ42wpShvmkjd428BcHcCEVWOjv7cJ1G, https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC0-KklSGlCiJDwOPdR2EUcg/, https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCUHI67dh9jEO2rvK–MdCSg, https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCEItkORQYd4Wf0TpgYI_1fw, Episode 700: Interview: Wallace Arthur and the Biological Universe, Episode 699: Open Space 96: The End of the International Space Station? Related resources How Far Is Venus From Earth . What Are the Low and High Temperatures on Venus? Temperature On Venus In Fahrenheit . The atmosphere of Venus is the layer of gases surrounding Venus.It is composed primarily of carbon dioxide and is much denser and hotter than that of Earth.The temperature at the surface is 740 K (467 °C, 872 °F), and the pressure is 93 bar (1,350 psi), roughly the pressure found 900 m (3,000 ft) underwater on Earth. In terms of density and gravity, the two are neck and neck – with Venus boasting 86.6% of the former and 90.7% of the latter. Beyond the fact that it is a hot and hellish landscape, very little is known about Venus’ surface environment. And here is an article about the many interesting pictures taken of Venus over the past few decades. In some displays, this is rounded off to the nearest degree. Venus also has a thick atmosphere, much like our own, and it is believed that both planets share a common origin, forming at the same time out of a condensing clouds of dust particles around 4.5 billion years ago. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), The Top 101 Astronomical Events to Watch for in 2015. a mission to Venus’ atmosphere using airships. Follow us on Twitter: @universetoday PVO VENUS ELECT TEMP PROBE CALIB HIGH RES ELECTRONS VER 1.0 (PDS) Pioneer Venus Orbiter:Electron Temperature Probe (OETP) PVO VENUS ELECT TEMP PROBE DERVD IONOPAUSE LOCATION VER 1.0 (PDS) Pioneer Venus Orbiter:Electron Temperature Probe (OETP) PVO VENUS ELECT TEMP PROBE DERVD ELECT DENS LOW RES VER 1.0 (PDS) Since Mercury is the closest planet to the sun, the temperature on the surface of Mercury is very high. To fill in the rest, there's information on how many days a month get above or below a given temperature. 00:27:31 Can we observe Oort clouds in other Solar Systems? The focus of this program is to develop high volumetric efficiency, high temperature (>450 o C) capacitors for NASA's planned missions to the surface of Venus and interior of Jupiter. If Earth were the size of a nickel, Mercury would be about as big as a blueberry. The temperature of the surface of Mercury changes from day to night. The combination of these gases in high concentrations causes a catastrophic greenhouse effect that traps incident sunlight and prevents it from radiating into space. Related resources Water and water vapor are extremely rare on Venus due to its high surface temperature that can approach 758 K (900 °F). The temperature of Venus is not the only extreme on the planet. The hottest temperature ever recorded on Earth was 70.7°C in the Lut Desert of Iran in 2005. On our planet, temperatures vary wildly due to the time of year and even more so based on the location on our planet. 00:18:06 Will I sign up for Starlink Beta? 00:37:31 Is Andromeda more massive? Here are some interesting facts about Venus, and here’s an article about Venus Greenhouse Effect. 00:51:53 What about cold fusion? RSS: https://www.universetoday.com/audio, What Fraser's Watching Playlist: Average High and Low Temperature Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec 20°F 30°F 40°F 50°F 60°F 70°F 80°F 90°F 100°F Now Now Stockholm Stockholm Venus Venus. It is about 67 million miles away from Earth. There are also believed to be craters dotting the north and south poles, and temperatures in them might even reach temperatures as … Whereas the Earth has an average surface temperature of 14 degrees Celsius, the average temperature of Venus is 460 degrees Celsius. Is the Coronavirus Crisis Increasing America's Drug Overdoses? Venus Temperature Night . Venus Temperature Range . Venus Temperatures Day And Night . 00:58:20 Could neutrinos be dark matter? ), The Secret Science of Solving Crossword Puzzles, Racist Phrases to Remove From Your Mental Lexicon. What are the minimum and maximum surface temperature of the inner rocky planets? The cause of this is the thick carbon dioxide atmosphere that absorbs solar heat (the so-called "greenhouse effect"). The daily average high and low air temperature at 2 meters above the ground. NEITHER BODY HAS A PERMANENT ATMOSPHERE. Fact Check: What Power Does the President Really Have Over State Governors? Tokyo Were it not for the planet’s clouds, an observer on Venus’s surface would see the Sun rise in the west and set in the east. The highest point on Venus, Maxwell Montes, is therefore the coolest point on Venus, with a temperature of about 655 K (380 °C; 715 °F) and an atmospheric pressure of about 4.5 MPa (45 bar). The planet Venus represents an exciting target for future exploration by spacecraft. Venus, however, rotates in the opposite, or retrograde, direction. in Australia, the average (or mean) temperature is always taken as the maximum plus minimum, divided by two. Whereas the Earth has an average surface temperature of 14 degrees Celsius, the average temperature of Venus is 460 degrees Celsius. Venus is the second closest planet to the sun. However, Venus is inhospitable to life forms as they exist here. This is hot enough to melt lead. The average temperature on Venus makes it the hottest world in the Solar System, with its thick atmosphere trapping heat and giving rise to scorching temperatures of … The Nine Planets has been online since 1994 and was one of the first multimedia websites that appeared on the World Wide Web. Venus, Texas, United States of America - Monthly weather averages including average high and low Temperature, Precipitation, Pressure, Wind Charts to assist you in planning your travel, holiday or an outdoor activity at Venus, United States of America 00:20:00 Am I looking forward to Dune? The best month to swim in the sea is in August when the average sea temperature … And More…, Episode 695: Q&A 130: Does the Dark Forest Explain the Fermi Paradox? That is roughly 410 degrees hotter than the hottest deserts on our planet. Lava flows are a testament to this, which appear to have produced channels of hardened magma that extend for hundreds of km in all directions. In addition, the surface temperature on Venus does not vary like it does here on Earth. 00:48:52 Could we put astronauts to sleep? Venus was one of the five planets—along with Mercury, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn—known in ancient times, and its motions were observed and studied for centuries prior to the invention of advanced astronomical instruments. Jupiter has several temperatures and it depends on deep you go. The ideal temperature range at which to keep your Venus flytrap during its 3 or 4-month dormancy period is below 70 degrees Fahrenheit and above freezing (32 degrees Fahrenheit). The Earth's average surface temperature is 45 degrees, while Venus has an average surface temperature of 850 degrees. As it turns out, sweltering Venus - average temperature a balmy 464 °C - hides a cold layer in its atmosphere. Chad Weber – [email protected], Support Universe Today podcasts with Fraser Cain. It performs solar occultations of the Venus high atmosphere, and so defines unique vertical profiles of many of the Venus key species. Beyond its thick atmosphere, Venus’ axial tilt (aka. ITunes: https://itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/universe-today-guide-to-space-audio/id794058155?mt=2 And More…. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. How do the atmospheres of the Moon and Mercury compare? Probes sent to Venus have only survived for a few hours before being destroyed by this heat. 00:53:21 Is a hot big bang feasible? Abstract—Low-intensityhigh-temperature solarcellsthatoper-ate effectively in the atmosphere of Venus at various altitudes and also survive on the 465 °C surface of Venus are being developed. So, the direct shortest answer is between 32 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit (0 to 13 degrees Celsius) for a night-time low and between 45 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit for a day-time high. The atmosphere is mostly carbon dioxide and only contains trace amounts of water. That high-pressure atmosphere means that comparing Earth's surface temperature to Venus's surface temperature is an apples-to-oranges comparison when you are talking about how hot the two atmospheres are. Although the airship concept would be an ideal exploration platform for exploration of the lower atmosphere of Venus, the technology challenges are great, and it will be examined in future work. If you’d like more information on Venus, check out Hubblesite’s News Releases about Venus, and here’s a link to NASA’s Solar System Exploration Guide on Venus. Will 5G Impact Our Cell Phone Plans (or Our Health?! It was once believed that Venus could perhaps support life similar to Earth's. It has been suggested that a floating platform at around 55 km above the surface would present a suitable range of temperatures (20° to 30° C) at which to examine the planet. The Venus flytrap (Dionaea muscipula) inspires wonder with its snapping jaws and ability to eat insects with its digestive juices. "The temperatures are so high that methane gas, which should be frozen out in the upper part of Neptune's atmosphere, the stratosphere, can leak out through this region," said Glenn Orton of NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif. Orton is lead author of a paper appearing in the Sept. 18 issue of the journal Astronomy and Astrophysics. On the other end of the spectrum, the coldest temperature ever recorded on Earth was in Vostok, Antarctica at -89.2 C. But on Venus, the surface temperature is 460 degrees Celsius, day or night, at the poles or at the equator. And More…, Episode 697: Interview: Theoretical Physicist Dr. Peter Woit, Episode 696: Open Space 94: Is It Realistic to Declare a "Free Mars"? This graph shows the rise and fall of air and ground temperatures on Mars obtained by NASA's Curiosity rover. Instagram – https://instagram.com/universetoday, Team: Fraser Cain – @fcain / [email protected] • 896°F— Hottest Planetary Surface: Venus (480°C) • 212°F— Boiling Point of Water • 134°F— World's hottest temperature, Death Valley, CA, USA (7-10-1913) • 100°C— Boiling Point of Water • 98.6°F— Human's normal body temperature (37°C) • 77°F— Average room temperature (25°C) • 39°F— Average Ocean temperature By Sid Perkins Sep. 14, 2020 , 11:00 AM. 00:40:23 Is the Sun gaining or losing mass? 00:05:50 What if Sgr* turned into a quasar? How Hot is Venus? Post was not sent - check your email addresses! For starters, our two planets are close in mass, with Venus weighing in at 4.868 x 1024 kg compared to Earth’s 5.9736×1024 kg. Venus' atmosphere also traps the sun's heat, which causes its scorching surface temperatures. In this week's live questions show, I explain how amateurs can contribute to space and astronomy research, will I sign up for Starlink, and what would happen if the supermassive black hole at the heart of the Milky Way turned into a quasar? Probes have been sent to the surface in the past, but the volatile and corrosive environment means that anything that lands there can only survive for a few hours. On the dark side of the planet, on the other hand, temperatures can fall to as low as 100°K (-173°C) , making it the coldest of all the inner planets (which also include Earth and Mars). Before the sunrise the temperature on the surface of Mercury is as low as 100 K (-170 °C) and by noon the temperature on the surface of Mercury rises to about 700 K (400 °C). 00:12:45 Do we know what rocky planets are made out of? Venus is often referred to as our “sister planet,” due to the many geophysical similarities that exist between it Earth. Temperature changes slightly traveling through the atmosphere, growing cooler farther away from the … Since Mercury is the closest planet to the sun, the temperature on the surface of Mercury is very high. Mercury experiences extreme high and low temperatures between night and day because: NO ATMOSPHERE TO MODERATE TEMPERATURES OVER THE GLOBE. The average temperatures of planets in our solar system are: Venus is continuously shrouded in clouds that make it impossible to observe its surface at visible wavelengths from outside the atmosphere and are responsible for the planet’s very high albedo. In fact, at a searing 750 K (477 °C), the surface of Venus is the hottest in the solar system. What are the minimum and maximum surface temperature of the inner rocky planets? This is due to the thick atmosphere, which has made visual observation impossible. Average high temperature Av. The temperatures at the upper edge of the clouds is -145C. 53.8 ºF: 50 ºF: Total precipitation Total precip. high temp. See no ads on this site, see our videos early, special bonus material, and much more. 00:55:15 Could there be planets in globular clusters? Solar System Temperatures Average Temperature on Each Planet Planetary surface temperatures tend to get colder the farther a planet is from the Sun. Venus is the second closest planet to the sun. Similarly, Mars has a high temperature of 98 degrees Fahrenheit at its equator and a low temperature of -190 degrees at its poles. Listen here, Episode 50: Venus. 24 Hour Daily High and Low World Temperatures with Maximum World Precipitation / Rainfall including Northern Hemisphere High and Low Temperatures, Southern Hemisphere, United States, Canada, Europe, & the United Kingdom High and Low Temperatures / … The real ‘trick’ will be to get Venus rotating…, … and while we’re talking about “impossible tasks”, Aqua, lets move Venus to one of Earth’s Lagrangian points to make sure it’s in the Goldilocks zone. We’ve also recorded an entire episode of Astronomy Cast all about Venus. Maximums and minimums are only part of the temperature picture. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC0-KklSGlCiJDwOPdR2EUcg/, Astronomy Cast: From this distance, it takes sunlight 3.2 minutes to trave… 00:41:10 Why is it a good year for comets? Is there a pattern that corresponds to distance from the Sun? The Guide to Space is a series of space and astronomy poddcasts by Fraser Cain, publisher of Universe Today, Episode 701: Open Space 97: What if SagA* Turned into a Quasar? And More…, Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Water and water vapor are extremely rare on Venus due to its high surface temperature that can approach 758 K (900 °F). ‘Curious and unexplained.’ Gas spotted in Venus’s atmosphere is also spewed by microbes on Earth. This is also noted as an average temperature on Jupiter. For a continental-scale average, the calculation is done in two… Karla Thompson – @karlaii / https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCEItkORQYd4Wf0TpgYI_1fw Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars are … The ion and electron temperatures at high solar octty were assumed to be parallel to the lour seer activity values. Venus: Worldbook at NASA, April 12, 2010. Venus Temperatures Day And Night . It is for this reason that some scientists believe that floating habitats could be constructed here, using Venus’ thick clouds to buoy the habitats high above the surface. 87.1 ºF -Lowest max temperature Lowest max temp. What are the exceptions and why do they occur? While all three rechargeable systems have good high temperature resilience, they will not likely survive the Venus surface temperature of 465 °C. This will require not only a high-temperature gas envelope, but also a power system and a drive train capable of operation at high temperatures. Venus has many clouds, which are made up of high concentrations of sulfuric acid. Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars are … Venus Temperature Night . Temperatures inside it may reach 8,540 F (4,727 C), which sounds warm but is cooler than other planets — Jupiter's core may reach 43,000 F (24,000 C). Venus Volcanoes Nasa The Earth's average surface temperature is 45 degrees, while Venus has an average surface temperature of 850 degrees. The highest point on Venus, Maxwell Montes, is therefore the coolest point on the planet, with a temperature of about 655 K (380 °C; 716 °F) and an … Is there a pattern that corresponds to distance from the Sun? The mixture of volcanic ash and the sulfuric acid clouds is also known to produce intense lightning and thunder storms. the Venus Radar Mapper). 00:42:52 Can we use fusion for spaceflight? To figure out the ideal temperature, low temperature setting is 200 degrees Fahrenheit while a high setting is 300 degrees. Take an interactive tour of the solar system, or browse the site to find fascinating information, facts, and data about our planets, the solar system, and beyond. Surface temperatures may reach a high of about 20 °C (293 K; 68 °F) at noon, at the equator, and a low of about −153 °C (120 K; −243 °F) at the poles. As it turns out, sweltering Venus - average temperature a balmy 464 °C - hides a cold layer in its atmosphere. The daily average high and low air temperature at 2 meters above the ground. Venus, with a surface temperature of 450°C and an atmospheric pressure 90 times higher than that of the Earth, is a difficult target for exploration. Venus has many clouds, which are made up of high concentrations of sulfuric acid. Festival of Sacrifice: The Past and Present of the Islamic Holiday of Eid al-Adha. Join us at patreon.com/universetoday. obliquity) plays a role in this temperature consistency. https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLbJ42wpShvmkjd428BcHcCEVWOjv7cJ1G, Weekly email newsletter: 00:26:08 How can the methuselah star be older than the Universe? 00:32:43 Any progress on Event Horizon Telescope? The local report for Venus, FL provides detailed current weather conditions on humidity, rain or snow precipitation, barometric pressure, dew point, heat index or wind chill factors, hourly forecast, sunrise, sunset, wind speed with direction, along with high and low temperatures presented in … Low-Intensity High-Temperature (LIHT) Solar Cells for Venus Atmosphere Jonathan Grandidier , Alexander P. Kirk, Mark L. Osowski, Pawan K. Gogna, Shizhao Fan , Minjoo L. Lee, Margaret A. Stevens, Phillip Jahelka , Giulia Tagliabue , Harry A. Atwater , and James A. Cutts Abstract—Low-intensityhigh-temperature solarcellsthat oper- The average high and low temperatures are listed below monthly and annually for the city, in both degrees Fahrenheit and Celsius. 00:07:00 Will the Universe end in a Big Rip? Venus spins very slowly, taking about 243 Earth days to complete one rotation with respect to the stars—the length of its sidereal day. https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCUHI67dh9jEO2rvK–MdCSg, Support us at: https://www.patreon.com/universetoday 00:10:32 How can solar sails be pushed by massless photons? Twitch: https://twitch.tv/fcain Earth: Global Measured Extremes of Temperature and ... April 12, 2010. There are at least 1,000 volcanoes or volcanic centers larger than 20 km in diameter on Venus’ harsh landscape. It gets intensely hot within 6 hours of sunrise, and very cold within hours of sunset. It revolves around the Sun every 225 Earth days, but its rotation takes 243 Earth days. Additionally, in 2014, a group of mission planners from NASA Langely came up with a mission to Venus’ atmosphere using airships. At the highest point on Venus, Maxwell Montes, at 10.4 km above the mean surface, the temperature is only 390 °C, with atmospheric pressure about half that of the mean surface. 00:00:00 Start Venus is the exception, as its proximity to the Sun and dense atmosphere make it our solar system's hottest planet. This extreme temperature is caused by the greenhouse effect. The diurnal temperature range at the tropics is low and at a desert high. With a radius of 1,516 miles (2,440 kilometers), Mercury is a little more than 1/3 the width of Earth. The atmosphere has many layers with different temperatures. EE conditions are often coupled, including high temperatures and pressures near the surface of Venus; or low temperatures and radiation at the Jovian System, for instance near Europa. How Far Is Venus From Earth . Venus looks like the brightest planet because of the way its clouds reflect sunlight. Venus Temperature High And Low . Add to that the crushing air pressure and rainstorms of sulfuric acid, and it becomes easy to see why Venus is such a barren, lifeless rock that has been hard to explore. Venus has a thick atmosphere that blankets the planet, keeping its temperature at an average of 864 F (462 C). In particular, high dielectric constant (5,000 to 30,000), moderate loss (2-6%) capacitors were demonstrated with voltage handling capabilities of over 250V; and low dielectric constant (30-100), low loss (1%) capacitors were demonstrated with voltage handling capabilities of over 1000V that were capable of working from 30K to over 500 o C while maintaining ca. Atmospheric pressure also plays a role, being 91 times that of what it is here on Earth; and clouds of toxic vapor constantly rain sulfuric acid on the surface. average temperature For summary-of-the-day observations, the average of the maximum and minimum temperatures recorded that day. Venus Temperature High And Low . Venus is closer to the Sun by 108 million km, (about 30% closer than the Earth), but it is mainly due to the planet’s thick atmosphere. The atmosphere of Venus is the layer of gases surrounding Venus.It is composed primarily of carbon dioxide and is much denser and hotter than that of Earth.The temperature at the surface is 740 K (467 °C, 872 °F), and the pressure is 93 bar (1,350 psi), roughly the pressure found 900 m (3,000 ft) underwater on Earth. Location, location, location On Earth, seasonal temperature shifts are … Our Book is out! However, for all the characteristics these two planets have in common, average temperature is not one of them. The only respite from the heat on Venus is to be found around 50 km into the atmosphere. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the surface temperature of Venus appears to range from about 820 to almost 900 degrees Fahrenheit. They give information on low altitudes (70 to 90 km). https://www.universetoday.com/newsletter, Weekly Space Hangout: What are the exceptions and why do they occur? Using synthetic aperture radar, the robotic space probe spent four years (1990-1994) mapping the surface of Venus and measuring its gravitational field before its orbit decayed and it was “disposed of” in the planet’s atmosphere. The atmosphere on Venus is comprised mostly of carbon dioxide (CO 2) and a small percentage of the atmosphere is nitrogen. Unusually hot summer temperatures and cold winter temperatures nationwide (Figures 2 and 3). https://www.amazon.com/Universe-Today-Ultimate-Viewing-Cosmos/dp/1624145442/, Audio Podcast version: As Venus moves forward in its solar orbit while slowly rotating backwards on its axis, the top l… The atmosphere is constantly churned by hurricane force winds reaching 360 kph. It is about 67 million miles away from Earth. The ion and electron temperatures for low solar oct'nrity ore from Viking memeasurements/2,13j.   In 1995, the Magellan spacecraft imaged a highly reflective substance at the tops of the highest mountain peaks that bore a strong resemblance to terrestrial snow. Questions for discussion. The sulfuric acid is also problematic since clouds composed of it are highly reflective of visible light, which prevents optical observation. From an average distance of 36 million miles (58 million kilometers), Mercury is 0.4 astronomical units away from the Sun. 00:34:35 What if an Earth-sized world fell into the Sun? Before the sunrise the temperature on the surface of Mercury is as low as 100 K (-170 °C) and by noon the temperature on the surface of Mercury rises to about 700 K (400 °C). It is at that point that temperatures and atmospheric pressure are equal to that of Earth’s. The images provided by this and other missions revealed a surface dominated by volcanoes. Venus is shrouded by an opaque layer of highly reflective clouds of sulfuric acid, preventing its surface from being seen from space in visible light. Venus Volcanoes Nasa Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. We have written many articles about Venus for Universe Today. Temperature On Venus In Fahrenheit . 00:30:00 Does Andromeda have a supermassive black hole? This results in an estimated surface temperature boost of 475 K (201.85 °C), leaving the surface a molten, charred mess that nothing (that we know of) can live on. Questions for discussion. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the surface temperature of Venus appears to range from about 820 to almost 900 degrees Fahrenheit. The change in the number of days with unusually hot and cold temperatures at individual weather stations (Figures 4 and 5). This is hot enough to melt lead. Earth/Moon comparison shows the same thing. On Earth, a variety of microbes that thrive in low-oxygen environments produce phosphine. SCIEPRO/Science Photo Library/Getty Images. In size, Mercury is intermediate between: THE MOON AND MARS. Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/universetoday Changes in record high and low temperatures (Figure 6). Actual temperature measurements at the Viking landers' site range from −17.2 °C (256.0 K; 1.0 °F) to −107 °C (166 K; −161 °F). Similarly, Mars has a high temperature of 98 degrees Fahrenheit at its equator and a low temperature of -190 degrees at its poles. And More…, Episode 694: Interview: Fred Watson, Australia's Astronomer at Large, Episode 693: Open Space 92: Why I Hate Embargoed News Stories, and More…, Episode 692: Open Space 91: Any Updates on Venus? 79.3 ºF: 75 ºF: Average low temperature Av. Venus is the second closest planet to our Sun at an average distance 67 million miles. The planet still get hot on the side that faces the Sun, it experiences the most extreme temperatures, which can reach as high as 700° Kelvin (427°C).
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